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Possible explanations were the wake of a boat (with the boat itself lost in image stitching or low contrast), seal-caused ripples, or floating wood. ", "Loch Ness monster: The Ultimate Experiment", "Were Dinosaurs Endotherms or Ectotherms? Wetherell had been publicly ridiculed by his employer, the Daily Mail, after he found "Nessie footprints" that turned out to be a hoax. Documents. Its crew noted a large object keeping pace with the vessel at a depth of 146 metres (479 ft). [126], In 1933, the Daily Mirror published a picture with the caption: "This queerly-shaped tree-trunk, washed ashore at Foyers [on Loch Ness] may, it is thought, be responsible for the reported appearance of a 'Monster'". Photograph that allegedly showed the Loch Ness monster, 1934. The Loch Ness Monster story was big in the field of cryptozoology.. The Loch Ness Monster, or Nessie (Scottish Gaelic: Uilebheist Loch Nis ), is a cryptid in cryptozoology and Scottish folklore that is said to inhabit Loch Ness in the Scottish Highlands. [82] Zoologists and professors of natural history concluded that the film showed a seal, possibly a grey seal.[83]. It is suspected that the photograph was doctored by re-photographing a print. Rines believed that the animals may have failed to adapt to temperature changes resulting from global warming. [71] Elder, 50, from East Kilbride, South Lanarkshire, was taking a picture of a swan at the Fort Augustus pier on the south-western end of the loch,[72] when he captured the movement. Alex Campbell was a part time journalist and water bailiff for Loch Ness who applied the word monster to the creature on 2 May 1933. [39] According to Wilson, he was looking at the loch when he saw the monster, grabbed his camera and snapped four photos. The Loch Ness Monster, also referred to as Nessie, is a supposed animal, said to live in the Scottish loch of Loch Ness, the second biggest loch in the country. [70], A survey of the literature about other hoaxes, including photographs, published by The Scientific American on 10 July 2013, indicates many others since the 1930s. [16], Letters began appearing in the Courier, often anonymously, claiming land or water sightings by the writer, their family or acquaintances or remembered stories. [35] Regarding the long size of the creature reported by Grant; it has been suggested that this was a faulty observation due to the poor light conditions. [21], Believers in the monster point to this story, set in the River Ness rather than the loch itself, as evidence for the creature's existence as early as the sixth century. [citation needed] On 2 July 2003, Gerald McSorely discovered a fossil, supposedly from the creature, when he tripped and fell into the loch. After testing it in a local pond the group went to Loch Ness, where Ian Wetherell took the photos near the Altsaigh Tea House. Wilson's refusal to have his name associated with it led to it being known as the "surgeon's photograph". Fakes exposed. [118], Zoologist, angler and television presenter Jeremy Wade investigated the creature in 2013 as part of the series River Monsters, and concluded that it is a Greenland shark. [81], After reading Rupert Gould's The Loch Ness Monster and Others,[27] Edward Mountain financed a search. That … Edwards claims to have searched for the monster for 26 years, and reportedly spent 60 hours per week on the loch aboard his boat, Nessie Hunter IV, taking tourists for rides on the lake. The corpse, 4.9–5.4 m (16–18 ft) long and weighing as much as 1.5 tonnes, was described by the Press Association as having "a bear's head and a brown scaly body with clawlike fins." Pictures. Despite the lack of conclusive evidence, the Loch Ness monster remained popular—and profitable. [96][97][98] However, Rines countered that when rearranged, the letters could also spell "Yes, both pix are monsters – R."[96]. They saw no limbs. [102] Twenty-four boats equipped with echo sounding equipment were deployed across the width of the loch, and simultaneously sent acoustic waves. [110], Wakes have been reported when the loch is calm, with no boats nearby. [25] According to Morrison, when the plates were developed Wilson was uninterested in the second photo; he allowed Morrison to keep the negative, and the photo was rediscovered years later. Reports of a monster inhabiting Loch Ness date back to ancient times. In 1934 English physician Robert Kenneth Wilson photographed the alleged creature. A popular explanation at the time, the following arguments have been made against it: In response to these criticisms, Tim Dinsdale, Peter Scott and Roy Mackal postulate a trapped marine creature that evolved from a plesiosaur directly or by convergent evolution. According to Burton, the shape of tree logs (with their branch stumps) closely resembles descriptions of the monster. ", "New photo of Loch Ness Monster sparks debate", "Finally, is this proof the Loch Ness monster exists? He undertook a final expedition, using sonar and an underwater camera in an attempt to find a carcass. Updates? From 2018 to 2019, scientists from New Zealand undertook a massive project to document every organism in Loch Ness based on DNA samples. The device was fixed underwater at Temple Pier in Urquhart Bay and directed at the opposite shore, drawing an acoustic "net" across the loch through which no moving object could pass undetected. According to Elder, the wave was produced by a 4.5 m (15 ft) "solid black object" just under the surface of the water. [8], The best-known article that first attracted a great deal of attention about a creature was published on 2 May 1933 in Inverness Courier, about a large "beast" or "whale-like fish". Adrian Shine speculated, based on size, that they might be seals that had entered the loch. Although this theory was considered by Mackal, he found it less convincing than eels, amphibians or plesiosaurs. The 30-foot long model of the creatre was found on the loch bed in 2016 during a sonar search by Kongsberg Maritime. It was later revealed that Flamingo Park education officer John Shields shaved the whiskers and otherwise disfigured a bull elephant seal that had died the week before and dumped it in Loch Ness to dupe his colleagues. [95] Scott intended that the name would enable the creature to be added to the British register of protected wildlife. [15] They described the creature as having a large body (about 4 feet (1.2 m) high and 25 feet (8 m) long) and a long, wavy, narrow neck, slightly thicker than an elephant's trunk and as long as the 10–12-foot (3–4 m) width of the road. However, in 1963, Maurice Burton came into "possession of two lantern slides, contact positives from th[e] original negative" and when projected onto a screen they revealed an "otter rolling at the surface in characteristic fashion. [30] However, Binns has described this as "the myth of the lonely loch", as it was far from isolated before then, due to the construction of the Caledonian Canal. [15] He described it as having "a long neck, which moved up and down in the manner of a scenic railway". The Loch Ness Monster is a mythical lake creature that is reported to live in the Highlands of Scotland, UK.There have been hundreds of ‘sightings’ of the monster since the 1930s, but hard evidence that proves the Monster’s existence is yet to be found. Loch Ness is famous for its monster, known as Nessie, which has supposedly been sighted since the 6th century. [3], The creature has been affectionately called Nessie[a] (Scottish Gaelic: Niseag)[4] since the 1940s. He sold the first photo to the Daily Mail,[44] who then announced that the monster had been photographed. Searching for the Loch Ness Monster aired on BBC One. The letter was released by the National Archives of Scotland on 27 April 2010.[49][50]. By enhancing and overlaying frames, he found what appeared to be the rear body of a creature underwater: "Before I saw the film, I thought the Loch Ness Monster was a load of rubbish. The Beast!" No one is sure how the originals were altered. In 2007, lab technician Gordon Holmes claimed to videotape the Loch Ness monster, but a marine biologist said that while the tape was among "the best footage [he had] ever seen," it … The leader of the study, Prof Neil Gemmell of the University of Otago, said he could not rule out the possibility of eels of extreme size, though none were found, nor were any ever caught. [26], Little is known of the second photo; it is often ignored by researchers, who believe its quality too poor and its differences from the first photo too great to warrant analysis. ", According to a 2013 article,[7] Mackay said that she had yelled, "Stop! Truth revealed. [10][11][12], The Courier in 2017 published excerpts from the Campbell article, which had been titled "Strange Spectacle in Loch Ness". [67] Researcher Dick Raynor has questioned Edwards' claim of discovering a deeper bottom of Loch Ness, which Raynor calls "Edwards Deep". One photograph appeared to show the head, neck, and upper torso of a plesiosaur-like animal,[99] but sceptics argue the object is a log due to the lump on its "chest" area, the mass of sediment in the full photo, and the object's log-like "skin" texture. Both depicted what appeared to be a rhomboid flipper, although sceptics have dismissed the images as depicting the bottom of the loch, air bubbles, a rock, or a fish fin. Columba sent a follower, Luigne moccu Min, to swim across the river. [94] Another photograph seemed to depict a horned "gargoyle head", consistent with that of some sightings of the monster;[99] however, sceptics point out that a tree stump was later filmed during Operation Deepscan in 1987, which bore a striking resemblance to the gargoyle head. The search had sufficient resolution to identify a small buoy. Preparation. He said that when he mounted his camera the object began to move, and he shot 40 feet of film. [48], On 15 August 1938, William Fraser, chief constable of Inverness-shire, wrote a letter that the monster existed beyond doubt and expressed concern about a hunting party that had arrived (with a custom-made harpoon gun) determined to catch the monster "dead or alive". Popular Interest Exploded in the 1930s. In 1993, the makers of the Discovery Communications documentary Loch Ness Discovered analysed the uncropped image and found a white object visible in every version of the photo (implying that it was on the negative). From 1965 to 1972 it had a caravan camp and viewing platform at Achnahannet, and sent observers to other locations up and down the loch. Wetherell claimed to have found footprints, but when casts of the footprints were sent to scientists for analysis they turned out to be from a hippopotamus; a prankster had used a hippopotamus-foot umbrella stand. Loch Ness Monster: New Evidence Professor Neil Gemmell uses cutting-edge environmental DNA science to unravel the mystery of the Loch Ness monster. "[61] Adrian Shine, a marine biologist at the Loch Ness 2000 Centre in Drumnadrochit, described the footage as among "the best footage [he had] ever seen. [10] Christopher Cairney uses a specific historical and cultural analysis of Adomnán to separate Adomnán's story about St. Columba from the modern myth of the Loch Ness Monster, but finds an earlier and culturally significant use of Celtic "water beast" folklore along the way. [31] Others have suggested that the photograph depicts an otter or a swan. [86][87] According to the bureau's 1969 annual report[88] it had 1,030 members, of whom 588 were from the UK. [40] In 2006, palaeontologist and artist Neil Clark suggested that travelling circuses might have allowed elephants to bathe in the loch; the trunk could be the perceived head and neck, with the head and back the perceived humps. Analysis of the original image fostered further doubt. It contains 263 billion cubic feet of water. [153], "Nessie" redirects here. Also a familiar form of the girl's name Agnes, relatively common in Scotland, e.g. D. Gordon Tucker, chair of the Department of Electronic and Electrical Engineering at the University of Birmingham, volunteered his services as a sonar developer and expert at Loch Ness in 1968. The Loch Ness Monster is a cryptid - a creature whose existence has been suggested but is not recognized by scientific consensus. During the two-week trial in August, multiple targets were identified. R. T. Gould suggested a long-necked newt;[27][150] Roy Mackal examined the possibility, giving it the highest score (88 percent) on his list of possible candidates. [68] Although Edwards admitted in October 2013 that his 2011 photograph was a hoax,[69] he insisted that the 1986 photograph was genuine. The Loch Ness Monster, also referred to as Nessie, is a supposed animal, said to live in the Scottish loch of Loch Ness, the second biggest loch in the country. In addition, numerous photographs allegedly showed the beast, but most were discredited as fakes or as depicting other animals or objects. The earliest report of a monster in the vicinity of Loch Ness appears in the Life of St. Columba by Adomnán, written in the sixth century AD. [74], On 19 April 2014, it was reported[75] that a satellite image on Apple Maps showed what appeared to be a large creature (thought by some to be the Loch Ness Monster) just below the surface of Loch Ness. ", "Why the Loch Ness Monster is no plesiosaur", "Legend of Nessie - Ultimate and Official Loch Ness Monster Site - About Loch Ness", "Loch Ness: Fiction Is Stranger Than Truth", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Loch_Ness_Monster&oldid=991065770, Tourist attractions in Highland (council area), CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Scottish Gaelic-language text, Articles lacking reliable references from April 2016, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2016, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. [106], An international team consisting of researchers from the universities of Otago, Copenhagen, Hull and the Highlands and Islands, did a DNA survey of the lake in June 2018, looking for unusual species. [114][115][116][117], In a 1979 article, California biologist Dennis Power and geographer Donald Johnson claimed that the "surgeon's photograph" was the top of the head, extended trunk and flared nostrils of a swimming elephant photographed elsewhere and claimed to be from Loch Ness. [20] According to Adomnán, writing about a century after the events described, Irish monk Saint Columba was staying in the land of the Picts with his companions when he encountered local residents burying a man by the River Ness. The object moved slowly at first, disappearing at a faster speed. Nessie does really exist, and there are over 1,000 eye witness accounts and lots of unexplained evidence, leaving scientists baffled. According to Ronald Binns, a former member of the Loch Ness Phenomena Investigation Bureau, there is probably no single explanation of the monster. Devoted to Understanding the Loch Ness Monster Mystery. [7] Alex Campbell's 1933 article also stated that "Loch Ness has for generations been credited with being the home of a fearsome-looking monster".

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